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Kodi aluminiyamu amapangidwa bwanji?

Kodi aluminiyamu amapangidwa bwanji?

Pezani zowunikira paulendo wa aluminiyumu kuchokera ku bauxite, kupanga, kugwiritsa ntchito ndi kukonzanso.

Zopangira

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Bauxite chopukusira

Kupanga aluminiyamu kumayamba ndi bauxite, dongo ngati dothi lopezeka mu lamba wozungulira equator.Bauxite amakumbidwa kuchokera mamita angapo pansi pa nthaka.

Alumina

Alumina, kapena aluminium okusayidi, amachotsedwa mu bauxite mwa kuyenga.

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Njira yoyenga

Alumina amasiyanitsidwa ndi bauxite pogwiritsa ntchito njira yotentha ya soda ndi laimu.

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Aluminiyamu woyera

Alumina amasiyanitsidwa ndi bauxite pogwiritsa ntchito njira yotentha ya soda ndi laimu.

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Kupita patsogolo

Njira yoyenga

Choyimira chotsatira ndi chopangira zitsulo.Apa, aluminiyamu yoyengedwa imasinthidwa kukhala aluminiyamu.

Pamafunika zida zitatu zosiyanasiyana zopangira aluminium, aluminium oxide, magetsi ndi kaboni.

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Magetsi amayendetsedwa pakati pa cathode yoyipa ndi anode yabwino, zonse zopangidwa ndi kaboni.Anode imakhudzidwa ndi mpweya mu alumina ndikupanga CO2.

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Zotsatira zake ndi aluminiyamu yamadzimadzi, yomwe tsopano imatha kujambulidwa kuchokera m'maselo.

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Zogulitsa

Aluminiyamu yamadzimadzi imaponyedwa mu ma ingots otulutsa, ma sheet kapena ma alloys oyambira, zonse kutengera zomwe zidzagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Aluminium imasinthidwa kukhala zinthu zosiyanasiyana.

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Extrusion

Mu njira ya extrusion, ingot ya aluminiyamu imatenthedwa ndikukanikizidwa kudzera mu chida chowoneka bwino chotchedwa kufa.

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Njira

Njira ya extrusion ili ndi mwayi wopanda malire wopanga ndipo imapereka mwayi wambiri wogwiritsa ntchito.

Kugudubuzika

Mapepala amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zinthu zogubuduza, monga mbale, mizere ndi zojambulazo.

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Njira

Aluminiyamu ndi ductile kwambiri.Zojambulajambula zimatha kukulungidwa kuchokera ku 60 cm mpaka 2-6 mm, ndipo zojambulazo zomaliza zimatha kukhala zoonda ngati 0.006 mm.Sidzalolabe kuwala, kununkhira kapena kulawa kulowa kapena kunja.

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Ma alloys oyambirira

Aluminium foundry alloys amapangidwa mosiyanasiyana.Chitsulocho chidzatsitsimutsidwanso ndikupangidwa, mwachitsanzo, magudumu a magudumu kapena zida zina zamagalimoto.

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Kubwezeretsanso

Kubwezeretsanso zotsalira za aluminiyamu kumafuna 5 peresenti yokha ya mphamvu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga aluminiyamu yatsopano.

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Aluminiyamu imatha kubwezeretsedwanso mobwerezabwereza ndi 100 peresenti.Mwa kuyankhula kwina, palibe makhalidwe achilengedwe a aluminiyumu omwe amatayika panthawi yobwezeretsanso.

Chogwiritsidwa ntchitonso chikhoza kukhala chofanana ndi choyambirira, kapena chikhoza kukhala chosiyana kwambiri.Ndege, magalimoto, njinga, mabwato, makompyuta, zipangizo zapakhomo, mawaya ndi zitini zonse ndi magwero obwezeretsanso.

Kodi aluminiyamu ingakuchitireni chiyani?

Timapereka zinthu zambiri za aluminiyamu ndi zothetsera.Pezani malonda anu kapena tilankhule nafe kuti tikambirane ntchito yanu ya aluminiyamu ndi akatswiri athu.


Nthawi yotumiza: Apr-11-2022